The Gale Encyclopedia of Diets: A Guide to Health and Nutrition
M – Z
JACQUELINE L. LONGE, EDITOR
Detroit • New York • San Francisco • New Haven, Conn. • Waterville, Maine • London
A gluten-free diet is a diet that is completely free of gluten, which is a generic term for storage proteins found in grains. In (also referred to as celiac sprue), persons develop an inflammatory immune system response to gluten that results in damage to the small intestine, which inhibits absorption of nutrients. Some persons also develop dermatitis her-petiformis, an itchy and blistering skin condition. Because of gluten intolerance, affected persons must completely avoid foods that contain gluten.